By Gennady Estraikh, Hasia R. Diner
Winner of the 2013 nationwide Jewish booklet Award, Anthologies and Collections
The yr 1929 represents a massive turning aspect in interwar Jewish society, proving to be a 12 months whilst Jews, despite the place they lived, observed themselves suffering from advancements that happened all over the world, because the crises persevered via different Jews grew to become a part of the transnational Jewish realization. within the usa, the inventory industry crash introduced lasting monetary, social, and ideological alterations to the Jewish group and constrained its skill to help humanitarian and nationalist tasks in different nations. In Palestine, the anti-Jewish riots in Hebron and different cities underscored the vulnerability of the Zionist company and ignited heated discussions between a variety of Jewish political teams concerning the knowledge of creating a Jewish country on its old web site. whilst, within the Soviet Union, the consolidation of strength within the fingers of Stalin created a way more dogmatic weather within the foreign Communist circulation, together with its Jewish branches.
Featuring a glowing array of students of Jewish historical past, 1929 surveys the Jewish global in a single 12 months providing transparent examples of the transnational connections which associated Jews to every other—from politics, international relations, and philanthropy to literature, tradition, and the destiny of Yiddish—regardless of the place they lived. Taken jointly, the essays in 1929 argue that, even if American, Soviet, German, Polish, or Palestinian, Jews through the international lived in a world context.
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Extra resources for 1929: Mapping the Jewish World (The Goldstein-Goren Series in American Jewish History)
While both affected the region which we call East Central Europe the predominant and lasting impact came from the West. Acceptance of Christianity by Hungarians and western Slavs (Poles, Czechs, Croats, and Slovaks) meant the exposure to Western civilization and all that it implied: an international language and alphabet (Latin), Romanesque and Gothic art, new concepts of law, economy, government. This was a civilization that had drawn on the rich heritage of antiquity, never fully destroyed even during the Dark Ages.
The challenge of Christianity was the first of many challenges to come from the West. How successfully did East Central Europe respond to it? How did it develop during the next five centuries? Did it “catch up” with the West? These are the basic questions raised in this chapter. East Central Europe was a “new” Europe in the sense that it had never been part of the Roman empire. Yet to conceive it as an empty frame waiting to be filled with content would hardly be correct. Its peoples must have reached a certain level to be able to accept, absorb, and to stamp with their own individuality the new values transmitted to them.
The transfer of sovereignty over Silesia from Polish to Czech rulers meant that Wrocław (Vratislav in Czech, Breslau in German) with over 20,000 inhabitants and growing, must be counted as a town in the lands of St Wenceslas. In Poland, except for Gdańsk (Danzig), again under Polish sovereignty after 1466, with over 20,000, only five or six towns exceeded 10,000. Cracow had about 12,000 in the late fourteenth century; Poznań may have counted between 5,000 and 6,000. Nearly eighty towns had 2,000 to 3,000 inhabitants.