8th Automotive Materials Conference by William Smothers

By William Smothers

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In rotary pulse generators, for example, where only the number of counts per revolution is important and angular accuracy of each pulse is not required, femte magnets might be suitable. Molded ferrite discs, which can have a moderate number of pole pairs impressed around the periphery, are suitable for such uses. Alnico Alnico is the general purpose magnet material for actuating Wiegand sensors. The alnico magnets exhibit an aspect ratio well suited to many Wiegand sensor designs, and very precise field shapes can be generated.

2 to compute voltage curves of an ideal sensor. This point needs further emphasis: for both rich AIF’s and lean AIF’s, either Eq. A . 2 will give identical results for the ideal sensor. The reason for this is as follows. Under ideal conditions, the standard cell potential of Eq. ,,O= ( R T / W ) . 5) Substitution of Eqs. 5 into Eq. 6, which was derived from the ideal CO cell voltage of Eq. 2, is identical to Eq. A. 1 which gives the ideal O2cell voltage. Moreover, the derivation can also follow the reverse route, where Eqs.

Ideal Behavior At Lean A/F‘s As ideal behavior is approached at lean A/F’s, the following simplifications apply to Eq. 7: R02’=RcO’ =ohmic resistance, because electrode kinetic rates are fast; Pco‘+O because CO is converted to minute equilibrium levels; AVco = AVoz = 0 because overvoltage effects become negligible; and Vo,O=O because the standard cell potential achieves its equilibrium value. When these limiting values are used, thefco term of Eq. 4 in the text approaches zero and Eq. I) From a physical viewpoint, it is important to note that the ideal sensor voltage of Eq.

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