A Cognitive Theory of Metaphor by Earl R. Mac Cormac

By Earl R. Mac Cormac

During this ebook, Earl Mac Cormac provides an unique and unified cognitive idea of metaphor utilizing philosophical arguments which draw upon facts from mental experiments and theories. He notes that implications of this conception for that means and fact with particular cognizance to metaphor as a speech act, the enduring which means of metaphor, and the advance of a four-valued process of fact. quite a few examples of metaphor from poetry and technology are provided and analyzed to help Mac Cormac's conception. A Cognitive idea of Metaphor takes up 3 degrees of explanation—metaphor as expressed in floor language, the semantics of metaphor, and metaphor as a cogitive process—and unifies those by way of analyzing metaphor as an evolutionary wisdom strategy during which metaphors mediate among minds and tradition. Mac Cormac considers, and rejects, the novel thought that each one use of language is metaphorical; even if, this argument additionally acknowledges that the idea of metaphor may well itself be metaphorical. The e-book first considers the computational metaphor frequently followed by way of cognitive psychology for instance of metaphor requiring research. unlike 3 famous philosophical theories of metaphor—the pressure thought, the controversion thought, and the grammatical deviance theory—it develops a semantical anomaly conception of metaphor according to a quasi-mathematical hierarchy of phrases. In constructing the idea, Mac Cormac makes much-needed connections among theories of metaphor and extra orthodox analytic philosophy of which means, together with discussions of speech acts and the good judgment of fuzzy units. This semantical idea of clarification is then proven to be suitable with modern mental theories of reminiscence.

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This procedure of extending knowledge through the postulation of basic metaphors arising from intuitions about ourselves and the world has been occurring for centuries. From Plato's presumption of an unchanging realm of forms to Einstein's presuppositions that the world is orderly and mathematical, philosophers and scientists have invoked implicitly or explicitly basic metaphors as foundations on which to construct their explanations. The invocation of the computational metaphor as a basic metaphor was done explicitly and with awareness that this presuppositional act brought with it tentativeness and speculationcharacteristics that Pylyshyn thought led to theory construction that was too unfocused.

Earl R. Mac Cormac. A COGNITIVE THEORY OF METAPHOR. John Macnamara. NAMES FOR THINGS. Charles E. Marks. COMMISSUROTOMY, CONSCIOUSNESS, AND UNITY OF MIND. Izchak Miller. HUSSERL, PERCEPTION, AND TEMPORAL AWARENESS. Zenon W. Pylyshyn. COMPUTATION AND COGNITION. W. V. Quine. THE TIME OF MY LIFE. Irvin Rock. THE LOGIC OF PERCEPTION. George D. Romanos. QUINE AND ANALYTIC PHILOSOPHY. George Santayana. PERSONS AND PLACES. Roger N. Shepard and Lynn A. Cooper. MENTAL IMAGES AND THEIR TRANSFORMATIONS. Elliott Sober, editor.

LOGICAL FORM IN NATURAL LANGUAGE. Earl R. Mac Cormac. A COGNITIVE THEORY OF METAPHOR. John Macnamara. NAMES FOR THINGS. Charles E. Marks. COMMISSUROTOMY, CONSCIOUSNESS, AND UNITY OF MIND. Izchak Miller. HUSSERL, PERCEPTION, AND TEMPORAL AWARENESS. Zenon W. Pylyshyn. COMPUTATION AND COGNITION. W. V. Quine. THE TIME OF MY LIFE. Irvin Rock. THE LOGIC OF PERCEPTION. George D. Romanos. QUINE AND ANALYTIC PHILOSOPHY. George Santayana. PERSONS AND PLACES. Roger N. Shepard and Lynn A. Cooper. MENTAL IMAGES AND THEIR TRANSFORMATIONS.

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