A critical introduction to phonetics by Ken Lodge

By Ken Lodge

A serious advent to Phonetics offers center components of the topic from fresh new views. It takes a brand new stance at the presentation of simple phonetic abilities for college kids of linguistics. utilizing examples drawn from a wide-range of languages Ken resort introduces the major features of phonetics, reading the variation among speech and writing, the body structure of speech creation, easy and designated articulation, and acoustic phonetics.
The publication encompasses a functional advisor to transcriptions from sound recordings, and a bit on functions of phonetics to fields of analysis akin to language edition and accessory. A serious advent to Phonetics offers finished assurance of the entire key components of the topic, and includes bankruptcy summaries to aid the reader navigate the textual content. severe pondering is brought on all through, and this may accordingly be crucial interpreting for college kids on introductory phonetics classes either at undergraduate and postgraduate levels.

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Y] lull. There is, in fact, considerable variation across different accents of English, and so you may not follow this pattern in your own speech. Y], for example; [ljAlj] is also possible, though less common, for example, in rural Norfolk amongst old speakers. ) The back resonance is often referred to as velarization, as the back of the tongue is raised towards the velum; there is even an alternative symbol for the velarized lateral: [}]. If the back resonance is produced by a back tongue position and further pharyngeal narrowing, it is referred to as pharyngealization, for which [9] is placed after the appropriate letter-symbol.

20 Triphthongs. diphthongs; if the second part is more prominent, as in French [ua] and [ie], they are called rising diphthongs. It is possible for there to be no particular greater prominence or duration throughout the movement. 3. When there is equal prominence in a vocoid movement, this is usually interpreted as two syllables in most languages, for example, French [pei] pays country'; compare this with monosyllabic English [pei] pay with a falling diphthong. It should be pointed out here that the term syllable is an abstract, phonological notion with no reliable phonetic markers.

But in fact, as we shall discuss in more detail in the next chapter, any sound which is oral can also be nasal, except for the sounds that do not use an egressive pulmonic airstream, the implosives, 35 36 A Critical Introduction to Phonetics ejectives and clicks. Otherwise we can produce nasal fricatives, nasal laterals, nasal vowels, and so on. 2 Fricatives Instead of making a complete, firm contact between the articulators, we can put them almost together but leave a very small gap between them to allow the airstream to escape.

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