A Grammar of Eton (Cameroon) (Mouton De Gruyter Library) by Van de Velde, Mark L.O.

By Van de Velde, Mark L.O.

A Grammar of Eton is the 1st description of the Cameroonian Bantu language Eton. it's also one of many few entire descriptions of a North-western Bantu language. The advanced tonology of Eton is punctiliously analysed and offered in an easy and constant descriptive framework, which allows the reader to maintain music of Eton's many tonal morphemes. Phonologists may be in particular drawn to the research of stem preliminary prominence, which manifests itself in a few logically autonomous phenomena, together with size of the onset consonant, phonotactic skewing and variety of tonal attachment websites. Typologists and Africanists engaged on morphosyntax will locate beneficial analyses of, between others, gender and contract; stressful, element, temper and negation; and verbal derivation. they'll come across many morphosyntactic transformations among Eton and the higher recognized jap and Southern Bantu languages, usually because of evolutions formed via maximality constraints on stems. The chapters on clause constitution and intricate buildings supply facts hardly ever present in assets at the languages of the quarter, together with descriptions of non-verbal clauses, concentration, quasi-auxiliaries and adverbial clauses.

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Additional info for A Grammar of Eton (Cameroon) (Mouton De Gruyter Library)

Sample text

This has no consequences for the table, since the relevant representation rule is independent of the position of these vowels in the prosodic stem. The prosodic stem 19 Table 3. 6) 1 Table 4. 1 +4 ? 6) 1 From these tables it can be concluded that only two structural vowels contrast in non-prominent stem syllables, viz. |i| and |a|. 3. Phonetic correlates The phonetic correlate of prominence in Eton is consonant length. All other things being equal, onset consonants of prominent syllables (henceforth prominent consonants) are longer than consonants elsewhere.

Realisation rules 27 Figure 3. 7. Elision In a succession of two identical obstruents, none of which is syllabic, only one is realised. 4). 2. Vowels Before discussing rules of allophony, the realisation of the vowels of Eton is illustrated by means of two vowel plots. Figure 4 shows all vowel phonemes of Eton (plus the allophone [ŵ] of the phoneme /Ų/) as pronounced by Désiré Essono. The measurements were taken in different phonological contexts, with between 15 and 20 tokens per vowel. 000 Hz.

And phonetic when the controlling vowel is front. That is, whereas |a| is clearly represented by /Þ/ after a prominent syllable with a nucleus |Þ| (and by /o/ after |o|), it is represented by the phoneme /a/ after |Ų|, and this /a/ is realised centralised and slightly raised. This is not simply a kind of phonological reduction of /a/ in open, non-prominent syllables, since /a/ is clearly realised as a front, open [a] after a prominent /i/, /u/ or /a/. )’ 5. Morphophonology Some structural items are always represented by the same phoneme, without having to take into consideration any morphophonological conditioning.

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