African Archaeology by David W. Phillipson

By David W. Phillipson

David Phillipson provides an illustrated account of African prehistory, from the origins of humanity via ecu colonization during this revised and accelerated variation of his unique paintings. Phillipson considers Egypt and North Africa of their African context, comprehensively reviewing the archaeology of West, East, vital and Southern Africa. His e-book demonstrates the relevance of archaeological learn to figuring out modern Africa and stresses the continent's contribution to the cultural background of humankind.

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Harris et al. 1987) and in the Chiwondo Beds south of Karonga on the northwestern shore of Lake Malawi (Kaufulu and Stern 1987; J. D. Clark et al. 1995). 3 million years has been suggested for the Senga artefacts, but the evidence is not compelling (Boaz et al. 1992). The PlioPleistocene Chiwondo Beds have yielded abundant faunal material; hominid remains are scarce although, at Uraha, they have yielded a mandible best attributed to Homo rudolfensis, the heavily built variety of H. habilis (Bromage et al.

7: The principal subdivisions of the last 5 million years, as defined by geology, magnetic polarity and oxygen isotope studies (for details, see Klein 1999). e. e. south) polarity in white; there were also many briefer periods of change which are not shown here. Oxygen isotope stages alternate between comparatively warm and damp periods (with odd numbers, shown black) and cooler arid phases (even numbers, shown white). 26 afric an archaeolog y Fig. 8: A chart of climatic fluctuations during the last 6 million years (after Foley 2002), showing how five principal African phases of accelerated anatomical and/or cultural hominid evolution appear to have coincided with periods of comparative aridity inter-relationships.

The earliest hominids This section attempts an overview of the principal fossil evidence from Africa, individual sites and their archaeological materials being discussed subsequently. The picture now offered is radically different from that proposed in the second edition of this book (D. W. Phillipson 1993b), which serves to emphasise how rapidly knowledge is developing and how new The emergence of humankind in Africa 23 Fig. 6: A tentative ‘family tree’ of African hominids during the last 5 million years.

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