By Anatoly M. Khazanov
A world-renowned anthropologist, Anatoly M. Khazanov deals a witty, insightful, and cautionary research of ethnic nationalism and its pivotal function within the cave in of the Soviet empire.
“Khazanov’s encyclopedic wisdom of the historical past and tradition of post-Soviet societies, mixed with box examine there because the Sixties, informs the case reports with a unique authoritative voice. This quantity is destined to be a completely precious reference for the knowledge of ethnic kin and the politics of minorities within the ex-USSR into the following century.”—Leonard Plotnicov, editor of Ethnology
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Extra info for After the USSR: Ethnicity, Nationalism, and Politics in Commonwealth of Independent States
The new union appeared to ht· stillborn from the very beginning. The republican leaders considered It only a temporary compromise and remained united against the center. ( >n August 1, 1991, in Kiev, President Bush vainly tried to persuade Ukrainians not to secede, because "freedom is not the same as independence"; however, even his unexpected support of Gorbachev on the nationality question did not help. The political struggle in Moscow was also going uu, with Gorbachev still representing the center and Yeltsin the Russian Jlt·deration.
Besides, obstacles worlm I into the text practically prevented the treaty from being amended (/ vestiia, November 24, 1990). It became clear that Gorbachev chose tiH option of what he thought was the preservation of a united Soviet tJnlilll with a strong central power at any price. In his speeches in Decemlwc 1990, he did not leave any doubt that preservation or 1he cente r's powc 1 'I' he Collapse of the Soviet Union 37 was his primary goal. In that same month, he received even more power fmm the Soviet Parliament, and the central leadership either got rid of rd'o rm-minded people or forced them to leave.
Tic's powe r. In practical terms, the affirmative actions in these states lhtwntl;tys often tend to support not minorities but majorities. l'lw Ht·cond process accompanying the dissolution of the Soviet Union 1 lltlllt'ctt·d with the political transformation of its successor states. :r in the CIS states, has been inadUc · ,11111, :11 IWM I, vc·t·y Mlow. tlt ·'l'"lllt. tltll,ttiHI ' w llh powl'rful instilutions 58 The Verse and Prose of Post-Totalitarianism of the communist regime, they have not brought satisfactory results.