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Agro-industries for Development by Carlos da Silva, Doyle Baker, Andrew Shepherd, Chakib

By Carlos da Silva, Doyle Baker, Andrew Shepherd, Chakib Jenane, Sérgio Miranda-da-Cruz

The advance of aggressive agro-industries is essential for developing employment and source of revenue possibilities in addition to improving the standard of and insist for farm items. Agro-industries may have a true influence on foreign improvement via expanding financial development and decreasing poverty in either rural and concrete parts of constructing international locations. although, on the way to steer clear of adversarial results to weak nations and folks, sound guidelines and methods for fostering agro-industries are wanted. With contributions from agro-industry experts, educational specialists and UN technical firms, chapters handle the ideas and activities required for bettering agro-industrial competitiveness in ways in which can create source of revenue, generate employment and struggle poverty within the constructing global. Agro-industries for improvement highlights the present prestige and destiny direction for agro-industries and brings realization to the contributions this area could make to overseas improvement. This booklet is a co-publication with FAO and UNIDO

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Key here is the growth of the supermarket sector. While supermarkets have long operated in a number of developing countries, these were generally confined to large cities and focused on uppermiddle or rich consumer segments. However, there is some evidence that a 24 Table 2. Distribution of cross-border mergers and acquisitions in developing regions by sector, 2004–2005 (US$ million). ) Africa Sales Sector 2004 South, East and South-east Asia Purchases Sales 2004 2005 2004 Total 4,595 10,509 Primary 3,994 908 Manufacturing 68 1,676 Food, beverages 46 17 and tobacco Wood and wood 120 products Tertiary 533 7,925 2,718 1,680 529 15,505 249 35 3 24,193 421 7,386 1,575 452 509 320 15,221 16,385 2005 2004 45,132 19,319 469 819 13,300 4,769 6,256 373 997 Sales Latin America Purchases Sales Purchases 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 35,349 4,312 14,805 7,040 575 383 146 14,134 111 55 1,280 922 18,221 45 19 21,840 1,333 6,560 4,131 22,532 814 10,793 5,710 11,977 8 8,582 7,786 10,179 881 5,492 127 46 13,968 357 18,157 13,947 10,926 3,322 3,806 162 30 31,363 13,730 16,222 S.

2001), it is possible that processes of agro-industrialization can reduce certain aspects of its ‘environmental load’. This might occur through the de novo entry of firms with cleaner processing technologies and/or from technological upgrading by existing firms. Further, economies of scale are important in the agro-processing sector, with larger scale of operation often being associated with increased industrial concentration. Both greater scale and concentration can make it easier to regulate the environmental impacts of agro-processing operations, with larger firms being easier to monitor and to take enforcement actions against (Lanjouw, 1997; Jayaraman and Lanjouw, 2000).

Repair of machinery), and by their unreliable access to utilities, etc. Indeed, many of these enterprises operated at well below their level of installed capacity or had ceased operations altogether, often due to factors that were outside of their control. Arguably, many of these enterprises would have drifted into bankruptcy if they had not been provided with protection from governments and/or financial support from donors. Access to physical and human capital With the progressive shift from the informal to formal sectors, and as agroprocessing enterprises attempt to add value and compete with their industrialized country counterparts, access to the required physical and human capital becomes more critical.

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