By Zachary Alan Selden
Even if US overseas coverage used to be principally unpopular within the early 2000s, many realms, in particular these bordering Russia and China, accelerated their protection cooperation with the United States. In Alignment, Alliance, and American Grand technique, Zachary Selden notes that the nearby energy of those intolerant states recommended threatened neighboring states to align with the United States. Gestures of alignment comprise participation in significant joint army workouts, involvement in US-led operations, the negotiation of agreements for US army bases, and efforts to affix a US-led alliance. in contrast, Brazil is usually a emerging nearby energy, yet because it is a democratic kingdom, its associates haven't sought better alliance with the United States.
Amid demands retrenchment or restraint, Selden makes the case coverage involved in holding American army preeminence and the proven willingness to take advantage of strength will be what sustains the cooperation of second-tier states, which in flip support to keep up US hegemony at a conceivable fee.
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Extra info for Alignment, Alliance, and American Grand Strategy
More major military exercises with the US armed forces on an annual basis. Five established new military bases that extend the reach of the US military or signed agreements that facilitate the long-term use of national installations by the US military. 10 Those states were to varying degrees seeking to establish or deepen security ties with the United States in ways that extend American hegemony. Some were already participating in joint military exercises with the United States, but they could have reduced their participation rather than maintaining or increasing it.
States may be in very different positions because security cooperation is defined in relative terms—that is, it is measured in the level of increase from what existed prior to 2000. Several independent variables could lead to increased security cooperation with the United States. One is of course geographic proximity to the regional power. Another is the internal character of the regional powers. The hypothesis is that secondary states in geographic proximity to regional powers that are authoritarian are likely to increase their security cooperation with the United States as a hedge against the potential dominance of those larger states.
The chapter also examines the states around Brazil and finds that they did not increase their security cooperation with the United States over the same time frame to the same degree as did the states around Russia and China. More significantly, much of the security cooperation in which they engaged also involved Brazil. Rather than hedging against Brazil’s regional power, the second-tier states of Latin America Introduction 21 appear to have integrated their security more closely with both Brazil and the United States.