An Essay on Stress (Current Studies in Linguistics) by Morris Halle

By Morris Halle

An Essay on tension offers a common thought for the characterization of the strain styles of phrases and words encountered within the languages of the international. the guts of the idea is constituted via the formal mechanism for characterizing "action at a distance", that's a different case of the formalism wanted for the development of constituent structure.Morris Halle is Institute Professor at MIT. Jean-Roger Vergnaud is Professor of Linguistics on the college of Maryland and Senior Researcher on the Centre nationwide de l. a. Recherche Scientifique and the Centre d'Etudes et de Recherche en Informatique Linguistique in France.

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Constituents that fail this constraint cannot be constructed. This requirement accounts for the surprising fact that there is no stress on the initial syllable in words with 3n + 2 moras, as illustrated in (48c). To see this, consider a word of five moras. We mark the last syllable extrametrical and construct ternary constituents right to left, producing the structure (50). (50) We complete the derivation by marking the heads of the constituents, in this case the elements numbered 3 and 5. This placement of line 1 asterisks results in the conjugate structure (51).

However, the correct surface stress contour, is hirakórohònirà, with stresses on the third, fifth, and seventh syllables. It is not obvious how the proposed alternative might plausibly be modified so as to generate the correct output in this case. Thus, it cannot be regarded as a viable competitor to our account, since as we have shown in (66) our proposed set of rules handles this word correctly. 3 Grids We have shown that capturing the distributions of stresses in words encountered in a variety of languages requires a notation that organizes sequences of elements into constituents each of which is headed by a designated element.

Second, the new stress peak has the same degree of stress as the old stress peak; in particular, the degree of stress of the new peak is independent of the stress that the syllable had at the outset. Thus, after stress shift both New York and Japanese in (72) have 3 stress on the initial syllable, even though in isolation the initial syllable of New York has less stress than that of Japanese. Consider now how the Rhythm Rule must be stated if stress is marked with Arabic numerals. (73) Assign the highest stress number N in the lefthand constituent to the syllable with the highest stress number M on its left, simultaneously reducing the original N by one degree.

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