Ancient India and Indian Civilization (History of by P. Masson-Ousel, P. Stern, H. Willman-Grabowska

By P. Masson-Ousel, P. Stern, H. Willman-Grabowska

Originally released among 1920-70,The heritage of Civilization used to be a landmark in early 20th century publishing. It used to be released at a formative time in the social sciences, and through a interval of decisive historic discovery.

The goal of the overall editor, C.K. Ogden, was once to summarize the freshest findings and theories of historians, anthropologists, archaeologists and sociologists.

This reprinted fabric is out there as a collection, within the following groupings, or as person volumes:
* Prehistory and old Ethnography
Set of 12: 0-415-15611-4
* Greek Civilization
Set of seven: 0-415-15612-2
* Roman Civilization
Set of 6: 0-415-15613-0
* Eastern Civilizations
Set of 10: 0-415-15614-9
* Judaeo-Christian Civilization
Set of four: 0-415-15615-7
* European Civilization
Set of eleven: 0-415-15616-5

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Extra resources for Ancient India and Indian Civilization (History of Civilization)

Sample text

Rapson holds that the Rigveda means copper by the word ayas (Latin aes), and that "black copper", syiima ayas, or iron, first appears in the Yajurveda and Atharvaveda. 1 It was the Aryans who introduced iron into the Deccan. The shapes of metal objects were at first copied from those of objects of stone and earthenware; thus progress must have been continuous in the use of one material after another and in the nature of the articles 1 LXXIU, p. 56. 17 c 18 HISTORY manufactured. No doubt the metal weapons and tools of the Aryans gave them an advantage over foemen who were still in the Stone Age.

Part of Alexander's armies took this road on their return, with disastrous results. A second, from Seistan (Drangiana), follows the Helmand, leaves it for Kandahar, the ancient Arachosian Alexandria, and there turns south-east to cross the Bolan Pass, now blocked by the fort of Quetta. This was the route by which Crateros led back the part of Alexander's army which had elephants. The ancients often followed the course of the Mula, further south, and the valleys of three torrents, the Gumal, Tochi, and Kurram, further north.

More than one river has shifted its course. The middle basin of the Indus and even its lower basin do not seem to have been always as dry and torrid as they are now. NATURAL RoAns The various regions of this vast country are isolated by many obstacles. The only easy entrance by land being in the north-west, the Punjab is the forehall of India. To proceed from it to the basin of the Ganges, one must go up the easternmost tributary of the Indus, the Sutlej, and come on to the upper J umna above Delhi.

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