Archaeology of Food: An Encyclopedia

What are the origins of agriculture? In what methods have technological advances with regards to foodstuff affected human improvement? How have nutrients and foodways been used to create identification, converse that means, and set up society? during this hugely readable, illustrated quantity, archaeologists and different students from around the globe discover those questions and extra.

The Archaeology of nutrients deals greater than 250 entries spanning geographic and temporal contexts and contours contemporary discoveries along the result of many years of study. The members supply overviews of present wisdom and theoretical views, increase key questions, and delve into myriad medical, archaeological, and fabric analyses so as to add intensity to our realizing of nutrition. The encyclopedia serves as a reference for students and scholars in archaeology, nutrients stories, and similar disciplines, in addition to attention-grabbing interpreting for culinary historians, meals writers, and nutrition and archaeology fans.

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There are also risks in a food-producing economy itself. Repeated tilling or irrigation can result in the declining quality of soils. An economy focused too heavily on one or a few crops is riskier than one with a broad economic base. In broad-based foraging, it is very unlikely that all resources will fail at once, and there are commonly secondary backup resources. Foragers also can more easily move away from specific areas where, for any reason, food supplies are short. Of course, significant enough ecological disaster might theoretically damage the whole range of foraged resources, or extend too far for mobility to be an option, but then cultigens and domesticates would have been of little help.

2012. Integrating LiDAR Data and Conventional Mapping of the Fort Center Site in South-Central Florida: A Comparative Approach. Journal of Field Archaeology 37(4):289–301. indb 3 6/30/15 2:43 PM 4 A G R I C U LT U R A L / H O R T I C U L T U R A L S I T E S Ur, Jason A. 2003. CORONA Satellite Photography and Ancient Road Networks: A Northern Mesopotamian Case Study. Antiquity 77(295):102–15. ■ C H R I S T O P H E R T. M O R E H A R T A G R I C U LT U R A L / H O R T I C U LT U R A L S I T E S Ancient societies employed a wide variety of productive technologies and agricultural techniques to produce food for consumption and trade.

Terracing leaves a lasting mark on the landscape through the construction of permanent walls on hillsides to create level planting surfaces, slow erosion, and retain water. Terraces are therefore some of the most visible archaeological remains of ancient agricultural practices. Some are quite large and clearly the result of thousands of hours of construction, such as the state-managed Inca terraces in the Andean highlands. Others, such as those found in the Guatemalan highlands, are more modest in size and are cultivated on a smaller scale.

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