By The Great Courses, Professor Robert Sapolsky, The Great Courses
When are we chargeable for our personal activities, and whilst are we within the grip of organic forces past our keep watch over? What determines who we fall in love with? The depth of our religious lives? The measure of our competitive impulses?
These questions fall into the clinical province of behavioral biology, the sector that explores interactions among the mind, brain, physique, and atmosphere that experience a shocking impact on how we behave. in brief, how our brains make us the participants we're.
In this sequence of 24 interesting lectures by means of a renowned neurobiologist, zoologist, and MacArthur beginning "genius" provide recipient, you are going to examine how the human mind is sculpted by means of evolution, limited or freed by means of genes, formed through early event, modulated by way of hormones, and differently motivated to supply quite a lot of behaviors, a few of them irregular. and you may learn the way little should be defined through brooding about any of those elements by myself, simply because a few mixture of impacts is sort of continuously at paintings.
Professor Sapolsky contains a provocative exploration of the consequences of our rising figuring out of the origins of person ameliorations, contemplating such questions as: How a lot do those insights threaten our personal experience of self and individuality? the place can we draw the road among the essence of the individual and the organic abnormalities? What counts as being ailing? who's biologically impaired, and who's simply varied? As a growing number of sophisticated abnormalities of neurobiology are understood, how a lot should still we fear in regards to the temptation to label humans as "abnormal"? And what occurs after we each one have some of these labels?
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Extra resources for Biology and Human Behavior: The Neurological Origins of Individuality
A. Numerous male fruit flies mate with the female; thus, sperm from many different males is inside the female fruit fly’s body. B. The male sperm release toxins in an effort to kill its competitors’ sperm. These toxins are damaging to the female fruit fly. C. However, female fruit flies’ bodies have evolved so that they now produce detoxifying defenses. IV. Kin-based defense systems also illustrate the notion of kin selection. A. When female vervet monkey A attacks female vervet monkey B for “no reason,” the underlying cause for the attack can actually be that the child of monkey B had attacked the child of monkey A.
However, female fruit flies’ bodies have evolved so that they now produce detoxifying defenses. IV. Kin-based defense systems also illustrate the notion of kin selection. A. When female vervet monkey A attacks female vervet monkey B for “no reason,” the underlying cause for the attack can actually be that the child of monkey B had attacked the child of monkey A. B. Patterns of aggression that closely follow the lines of kin selection are another way to ensure that the maximum number of copies of one’s genes is passed on to the next generation.
The female, however, wishes to balance her investment in her current offspring with her investment in her future reproductive potential. D. The effects of imprinted genes in the brain on behavior after birth provide a marked contrast, with malederived genes favoring more feeding and growth and female-derived genes the opposite, trying to slow the growth down. E. Generally, polygamous species have large numbers of imprinted genes, whereas monogamous species have virtually none. F. Humans are neither a classic pair-bonding species nor a classic tournament species; we are somewhere in between.