By Robert T. Livernash
'China: Air, Land, and Water' is an additional bankruptcy within the profitable and artistic discussion among the area financial institution and the People's Republic of China. It makes a speciality of the right way to advertise either China's monetary development whereas preserving its setting. The pursuits of this record comprise reassessing the environmental state of affairs in China and utilizing this research to devise a technique for bettering environmental caliber within the years forward. incorporates a CD-ROM with complete textual content plus extra historical past learn and information.
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Additional info for China: Air, Land, and Water : Environmental Priorities for a New Millennium
According to data compiled by the Ministry of Water Resources, the area of salinized cultivated land increased by about 10 percent over the 20 year-period ending in 1996, but the rate declined quite noticeably during the late 1980s and into the 1990s. Most of the salinized cultivated land in China is located in three geographical regions: the North (30 percent of the total), the Extended Loess Plateau (26 percent), and the Northeast (16 percent). Of these, the area of major national significance is the North, which includes the north China Plain and the provinces of Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, and Shandong.
For example, coal-based ammonia production technology, which accounts for over 75 percent of China’s ammonia production, uses 500-1,000 tons of water per ton of ammonia, compared with only 12 tons of water in natural gas-based processes. Chinese paper mills require 200 to 400 tons of water to produce 1 ton of paper product, while state-of-theart mills in industrialized countries use as little as 60 tons per ton. Over 80 percent of China’s caustic soda, a major industrial raw material, is produced through the diaphragm process, which is both energy intensive and highly water polluting.
The concluding section outlines the main recommendations for addressing these issues. 2 The biggest problems are water and wind erosion, followed by salinization. 1). This suggests that the government’s massive erosion control campaign on the Loess Plateau is succeeding and, more generally, that the water erosion problem can be beaten given the right combination of control strategies. China is prone to land degradation, and particularly erosion, due to its climate and geography. In part because of China’s rapid growth over the last 30 years, there is little 2 Land Resources 17 1011477 WB 16-45 07/28/2001 11:07 AM Page 18 the national total), Inner Mongolia (34 percent), Gansu (9 percent), Tibet (7 percent), and Qinghai (5 percent).