Cold War Endgame: Oral History, Analysis, Debates by William C. Wohlforth

By William C. Wohlforth

Chilly battle Endgame is the made of an strange collaborative attempt via policymakers and students to advertise larger figuring out of ways the chilly warfare ended. It contains the transcript of a convention, hosted by means of former Secretary of country James Baker and previous Soviet international Minister Alexander Bessmertnykh, within which high-level veterans of the Bush and Gorbachev governments shared their memories and interpretations of the an important occasions of 1989-91: the revolutions in japanese Europe; the reunification of Germany; the Persian Gulf conflict; the August 1991 coup; and the cave in of the USSR. Taking this testimony as a standard reference and drawing at the most up-to-date proof to be had, six chapters stick to within which historians and political scientists discover the ancient and theoretical puzzles offered by way of this impressive transition. This dialogue includes a debate over the relative value of rules, character, and financial pressures in explaining the chilly War's finish.

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For Gorbachev’s own contemporary report of this conversation to the Politburo, see “Minutes of the Meeting of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU CC) 27–28 December 1988 (Excerpts),” Cold War International History Bulletin, no. 12/13 (fall/winter 2001): 24–29. 6. In January 1989, former Secretary of State Kissinger went to Moscow to deliver a letter of greeting from Bush to Gorbachev. -Soviet dialogue on mutual restraint in Eastern Europe; in effect, to reassure the Soviets regarding their security interests in the area in order to encourage their maximum tolerance concerning the political liberalization under way there.

See, for further discussion, Philip Zelikow and Condoleezza Rice, Germany Unified and Europe Transformed: A Study in Statecraft (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1995), chap. 1; and Thomas S. ” Cold War International History Project Bulletin 10 (March 1998): 184–91. Wolhforth Chapter 1 12/26/02 11:39 PM Page 45 F O R G I N G A N E W R E L AT I O N S H I P 45 which is discussed a little bit in my book and I think also perhaps in Mr. Baker’s book and in Mr. 16 That alternative was quickly rejected at the outset of the Bush administration.

President Bush’s team had two great characteristics: we all knew each other very, very well, we had worked together in one form or another, and in that sense we already had an inherent cohesion, but everybody had a little different perspective. We were all facing in the same direction, but the emphasis and the points of priority were not all the same, and during this period we were sorting all that out. -European relations with the short-range nuclear forces, and a call—sometimes formally, and sometimes under the table, so to speak—from the Soviet Union for a “third zero”: that is, let’s get rid of the short-range forces [SNF] just as we had the intermediate range forces.

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