By A. Staniforth
Festival motor vehicle suspensions are an essential aspect for successful functionality. This 3rd version has been totally up-to-date to mirror the newest advancements and progressive adjustments in racing expertise, and within the ideas of racing. Staniforth explains the speculation and perform of winning suspension engineering, and explores in an easy-to-understand and readable kind how and why suspension structures paintings. comprises assurance of the banning of energetic suspensions. up to date & increased third ed.
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Extra info for Competition Car Suspension Design, Construction, Tuning
These are coils that have been more closely wound at onc end in such a way that after a certain load 51 The Springing Medium I has been applied they close up and go coilbound. The remaining coils become a shorter spring with a higher rate. The proper, more sophisticated, more difficult to calculate and manufacture and thus expensive ways are either to have coils variably wound or of taper wire. In the former case the gaps between the coils reduce bit by bit in regular increments so that one coil at a time goes solid against its neighbour, steadily reducing the effective length and increasing the rate.
28 • 0° 8 24 ROLLBARS (Stiffness Comparison) ! 6 1----t9H--ytL--+---+---+---- 12 1----J~__1~--+---+- 8 50 100 150 200 250 300 400 350 450 STIFFNESS FACTOA. 1000 2L The graph above provides stiffness comparisons between solid and tubular bars while below is the method of calculating anti-roll bar stiffness, courtesy Mike Pilbeam. L T = TRACK (INS) K'" FRACTIONAL LEVER d = BAR ARM RATIO MOVEMENT AT ANTI ROLLBAR P1CKUP) ( MOVEMENT AT WHEEL DIAMETER (INS) R.. EFFECTIVE ARM LENGTH L = HALF LENGTH OF BAR S =LENGTH OF LEVER ARM Q=STIFFNESS IN LB/INS PER DEGREE OF VEHICLE ROLL 4 2 Q = 10 X T 2 X K 4 X d 2 RxL 49 The Springing Medium I spigot into a small bearing a new and totally different dimensioned bar may be inserted without any other alteration.
Should anyone have needed some further complication, making the radius rods parallel and equal, equal but converging or diverging, or unequal while running uphill or downhill, produced mindboggling permutations. One attempt to stabilise the situation a little was to use parallel bottom or top transverse links, some of which had one member which adjusted for static toe in/ out. This link survived the test of time and is to be found on many current cars. Driveshaft as one link. Lola's Eric Broadley, shortly followed by Lotus (on the 18) used this approach whereby the driveshaft carrying the power from gearbox to hub was given a second job in life as the top link while a very low mounted bottom A-frame, pointed end-in, with a radius rod did duty underneath.