Conception and Characteristics of Expert Mathematics by Xinrong Yang

By Xinrong Yang

The more suitable functionality of East Asian scholars in contemporary foreign reviews of arithmetic fulfillment has attracted the eye of educators and coverage makers all over the world. Xinrong Yang makes a speciality of exploring how knowledgeable arithmetic instructor is conceptualized by way of arithmetic educators in China and the features that professional arithmetic academics percentage. the writer adopts a sociocultural thought and a prototypical view of belief during this learn of instructor services and indicates that many of the roles anticipated to be performed by way of professional arithmetic academics in China, comparable to being while a researcher, a mentor, knowledgeable in exam, and an exemplary version, are particularly varied from the jobs anticipated of knowledgeable instructor in Western cultures. furthermore, a few features of professional arithmetic lecturers the writer identifies are diversified from these mentioned in past experiences. Examples contain the professional arithmetic academics´ contemporary-constructivist orientated ideals approximately arithmetic and its studying and instructing, and their skill to coach with flexibility, stability, and coherence.​

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Among them, principals’ opinions were particularly stressed. , 2005, p. 13). Some criteria are not reasonable to a certain degree. , 1988). It is clearly pointed out in the models proposed by Berliner (1988) and Lian (2008) (reviewed above) that some teachers will retire as competent or proficient teachers, the growth of their teaching expertise stalled despite their continuing to accumulate teaching experience. Secondly, student achievement is influenced by many factors other than teacher expertise (Berliner, 2004), and the degree a teacher, even an expert teacher, influences student achievement is unknown (Ropo, 2004).

5 A brief summary and implications for the current study This sub-section reviewed models of the development process for pedagogical expertise, conceptualizations of expert teachers, criteria for selecting expert teachers, and characteristics of expert teachers. Previous studies have discovered some characteristics about expert teachers or teaching expertise and generated a basic construct for expert teachers. , 2005, p. 13). This indicates that the concept of expert teacher is still unknown. In some studies, participants were chosen based on the recommendation of principals and colleagues (an approach typically used by Chinese researchers), but the criteria the recommending parties used were not examined.

39). These authors contended that mathematics is culture-bound to the extent that it cannot be said to be culture-free (Presmeg, 1988). , 2001). From a sociocultural theoretical perspective, 18 Theoretical Orientations and Literature Review these sociocultural and contextual influences presuppose that people’s conception of expert mathematics teacher in a given society is mediated by its sociocultural context, and that social and cultural influences manifest in individual teacher’s or school’s practices.

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