Corpus and sociolinguistics : investigating age and gender by Bróna Murphy

By Bróna Murphy

Age is by way of a long way the main underdeveloped of the sociolinguistic variables by way of study literature. To-date, study on age has been patchy and has typically excited by the early life-stages akin to formative years and early life, ignoring, for the main half, fit maturity as a degree important of scrutiny. This ebook examines the discourse of maturity and money owed for sociolinguistic edition, almost about age and gender, throughout the exploration of a 90,000 note age-and gender-differentiated spoken corpus of Irish English. The ebook explores either the distribution and use of a couple of excessive frequency pragmatic gains of spoken discourse that seem as key goods within the corpus. half 1 of the ebook offers an advent, a theoretical review of age as a sociolinguistic variable and an outline on the way to collect a small spoken corpus for sociolinguistic study. half 2 comprises 5 chapters which examine and discover key gains comparable to hedges, obscure type markers, intensifiers, boosters and high-frequent goods of taboo language relating to the variables, age and gender. The booklet is of curiosity to undergraduates or postgraduates taking formal classes in sociolinguistics, utilized linguistics, pragmatics or discourse research. it's also of curiosity to scholars and researchers drawn to utilizing corpus linguistics in sociolinguistic examine.

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Spoken corpora are usually smaller than written corpora due to the difficulties accessing data, the expense as well as the time constraints of recording and transcribing the naturally-occurring language (McCarthy 1988, 1998). The Corpus of Age and Gender (CAG) explored in this book is a small 90,000 corpus. It consists of two sub-corpora: the Female Adult Corpus (FAC) which consists of three age-differentiated sub-corpora (FAC 20s, FAC 40s and FAC 70s/80s) and the Male Adult Corpus (MAC) which also consists of three age-differentiated sub-corpora (MAC 20s, MAC 40s and MAC 70s/80s).

Her basic position is “if the little girl [learns ‘special linguistic uses’, that is, female communicative competence] she is not rewarded with unquestioned acceptance on the part of society, rather, the acquisition of this special style of speech will later be an excuse others use to keep her in a demeaning position” (R. Lakoff 1975: 5). According to R. Lakoff (1975), “women’s language” denies her the means of expressing herself strongly and ultimately denies her access to power which is demonstrated by her linguistic behaviour.

It will also focus on intra group variation, that is, the age-related differences that occur within a particular group as well as the inter-group variation which focuses on the differences between women and men (Coates 1993). 3 Chapter 2. Contextualising age-related research Language variety and language variation By way of definition, it is necessary to point out that within sociolinguistics, language variety is linked to geographical variation within language (see Trudgill 1979). This book will look at the language variety of Southern Irish-English and within that it will talk about language variation in the sense of it being concerned with and influenced by social constraints such as age and gender.

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