Democracy across Borders: From Dêmos to Dêmoi (Studies in by James Bohman

By James Bohman

At the present time democracy is either exalted because the "best ability to achieve human rights" and obvious as weakened due to globalization and delegation of authority past the countryside. during this provocative publication, James Bohman argues that democracies face a interval of renewal and transformation and that democracy itself wishes redefinition in accordance with a brand new transnational excellent. Democracy, he writes, may be rethought within the plural; it may not be understood as rule through the humans (d?mos), singular, with a selected territorial identity and connotation, yet as rule by way of peoples (d?moi), throughout nationwide barriers. Bohman indicates that this new perception of transnational democracy calls for reexamination of such basic principles because the humans, the general public, citizenship, human rights, and federalism, and he argues that it bargains a possible method of understanding democracy in a globalized world.In his account, Bohman establishes the conceptual foundations of transnational democracy through reading intimately present theories of democracy past the geographical region (including these proposed through Rawls, Habermas, Held, and Dryzek) and provides a deliberative substitute. He considers the significance of communicative freedom within the transnational public sphere (including networked conversation over the Internet), human rights because the normative foundation of transnational democracy, and the eu Union as a transnational polity. eventually, he examines the connection among peace and democracy, concluding that peace calls for democratization on interacting country and suprastate degrees.

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Even if such a body were to exist, and even if it were somehow adequately representative, its judgments would always be made in terms of the particular modes of institutionalized representation that abstract from the relations and networks that make up international society. Such a dispersed and diverse polity requires a much more differentiated democratic structure, as it cannot exercise the power of the dêmos without being a potential dominator. Although Held has more recently (in The Global Covenant) emphasized multilevel and polycentric governance as necessary in the short- and medium-term, much more so than global parliamentary institutions, he still employs the same conception of cosmopolitan self-legislation as fundamental to a long-term global democratic order.

The minimum here must be sufficient to contain within it not only the constitutive features of democratic citizenship, but also the necessary conditions for nondomination. 44 Chapter 1 These criticisms of the range of possible theories of democracy beyond the state suggest a fifth, more adequate alternative: it must be institutional, political, democratic, and transnational. The first two features are necessary for the theory to be of the appropriate type, minimal or not. The question is, then: should these institutions be comopolitan or transnational in scope?

Given the intrinsic justification of democracy and the constitutive features of citizenship that are necessary for accountability, democratic minimalism fails to provide a sufficiently robust conception of democracy, leaving the institutional and political bases of accountability unexplored. The central feature of democratic accountability enabled by political rights is a distinctive form of reflexivity. Reflexivity does not directly ensure that citizens are protected and that institutions act according to their basic interests, but rather that they are jointly empowered to refashion the terms and rules of democratic governance itself.

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