By Graeme Gill
The cave in of communism used to be largely heralded because the sunrise of democracy around the former Soviet area. even if, the political end result has been less uniform. The post-communist states have constructed political platforms from democracy to dictatorship. utilizing examples and empirical facts amassed from twenty-six former Soviet states, Graeme Gill presents an in depth comparative research of the middle problems with regime switch, the construction of civil society, financial reform and the altering nature of post-communism. inside of those person situations, it turns into transparent that political results haven't been arbitrary, yet at once mirror the situations surrounding the beginning of independence. scholars of Comparative Politics, diplomacy and Russian and Post-Soviet experiences should still locate this publication crucial studying.
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Additional resources for Democracy and Post-Communism: Political Change in the Post-Communist World (Routledge Research in Comparative Politics, 1)
3%), thereby ensuring that both government and president were of the same political complexion. The implication was clear. The people had rejected a combative president whose concerns seemed excessively rooted in refighting old battles in an attempt to expand his own power in favour of someone who promised both a more forward-looking approach and a more amicable relationship with the government. This seemed to be realised with the introduction in June 1996 of a draft constitution, which was subsequently adopted by popular referendum in May 1997 (and took effect on 17 October), despite opposition from both Solidarity and the Church.
4 Conditions for effective competition. The essence of a democratic system is competition, but this needs both to be structured (and thereby kept within Negotiating regime change 19 bounds) and constructed in such a way that there is approximate equality of opportunity for all. The development of political parties is crucial for this process, since these are the vehicles through which popular control may be exercised in a mass society. The effects of the choice of electoral system have been noted above, but also important are regulations relating to party formation: how difficult is the process of party registration?
Any agreements that are made must be made to stick, and therefore they must be made with organisations that can commit their followers to abide by the agreements their leaders make. This sense of connectedness between political organisation and mass constituency is important for another reason also. The closer the link between political organisation and mass constituency, the greater the likelihood that the former will be sensitive to the views and interests of the latter. Where political elites are isolated from the populace because the structures they head lack a basis within the population, they may have greater room for manoeuvre, but the likelihood that they can adequately represent the views of the populace is reduced.