By Tony M. Kail
Those who learn about how spirituality performs into the area of drug smuggling have most probably heard of Santa Muerte, Jesus Malverde, and Santería, however the information of the extra imprecise African religions and Latin American people saints and cults frequently stay a secret. whereas nearly all of those religions are practiced via law-abiding voters without connections to the drug exchange, their spiritual ideals and practices are usually appropriated through drug cartels and used to psychologically empower participants of those companies. accordingly, wisdom approximately narco-cults and spirituality relating to the drug alternate should be really helpful to narcotics officials, army and intelligence brokers, or even the typical highway cop.
Narco-Cults: figuring out using Afro-Caribbean and Mexican spiritual Cultures within the Drug Wars looks on the transforming into phenomenon of narco-cults and using indigenous non secular traditions between drug trafficking businesses. in line with 20 years of expertise from one of many most sensible specialists within the box, it presents investigative organizations with a way of selecting symbols, rituals, artifacts, and customs endemic to varied drug trafficking businesses. The booklet gains illustrations of altars, shrines, and instruments in addition to special descriptions in their cultural importance and sensible software in rituals and customs.
Derived from empirical learn, this sourcebook presents trustworthy info taken from ethnographic fieldwork, police experiences, and interviews with practitioners. the data contained herein may also help construct cultural competency one of several corporations investigating drug crimes.
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Extra info for Narco-Cults: Understanding the Use of Afro-Caribbean and Mexican Religious Cultures in the Drug Wars
In 2008, 175 members of the Gulf cartel were arrested throughout Italy and the United States. Tijuana cartel Also known as Cartel de Tijuana or Arellano Félix Organization (AFO) or Fernando Sánchez Organization, the Tijuana cartel is based from Tijuana in Baja California state. The cartel is responsible for trafficking cocaine, marijuana, methamphetamine, and heroin into the United States from Mexico. Miguel Ángel Félix Gallardo, the founder of the legendary Guadalajara cartel, was imprisoned in 1989 for the infamous murder of DEA agent Enrique “Kiki” Camarena.
The group has been documented receiving chemicals for drug manufacturing from Chinese companies in exchange for iron ore that is traded in the port city of Lazaro Cardenas, which is allegedly controlled by the cartel. The organization has crept into the United States, as was revealed in December 2012 when the Drug Enforcement Administration revealed a 21-month operation known as Operation Knight Stalker. The operation focused on members of the Knights Templar cartel in California and Mexico. The investigation discovered over 1,000 pounds of methamphetamine, 200 pounds of cocaine, 28 pounds of heroin, and 320 pounds of marijuana being trafficked by the cartel.
Over 18,000 kids attended and were treated to gifts, food, and prizes. The cartel leader delivered inspiring cards to the youth at the event: Perseverance, discipline and hard work are the basis of success. Continue your studies and be a role model. My best wishes to the future leaders of tomorrow. Happy Children’s Day, your friend Osiel Cardenas Guillen. A 2013 survey of 1,400 junior high school students in eight Mexican states found that more than 26 percent of the students aspire to become narcos or sicarios for the cartels.