The Technology of Policing: Crime Mapping, Information by Peter K. Manning

By Peter K. Manning

With the increase of surveillance expertise within the final decade, police departments now have an array of refined instruments for monitoring, tracking, even predicting crime styles. specifically crime mapping, a method utilized by the police to observe crime via the neighborhoods of their geographic areas, has turn into a customary and relied-upon function of policing. Many declare that those technological advancements performed a job within the crime drop of the Nineties, and but no examine of those strategies and their dating to daily police paintings has been made available.Noted pupil Peter ok. Manning spent six years staring at 3 American police departments and British constabularies so as to confirm what results some of these analytic instruments have had on smooth police administration and practices. whereas sleek expertise permits the police to strive against crime in refined, detail-oriented methods, Manning discovers that police thoughts and strategies haven't been altogether reworked as possibly will be anticipated. within the expertise of Policing, Manning untangles the various varieties of advanced crime-control rhetoric that underlie a lot of modern-day police division dialogue and administration, and offers important perception into that are the main effective—and that may be harmful--in effectively monitoring legal behavior.The expertise of Policing bargains a brand new knowing of the altering international of police departments and knowledge technology's major and indisputable effect on crime administration.

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Additional info for The Technology of Policing: Crime Mapping, Information Technology, and the Rationality of Crime Control (New Perspectives in Crime, Deviance, and Law)

Example text

G. Eck and Maguire 2000; Weisburd and Eck 2004; Weisburd and Braga 2006). Crime Mapping and Analysis An operating system of crime mapping has a number of essential elements that constitute it. As used in policing, crime mapping has a number of salient features. Crime mapping is a technique based on software (usually ERSI, ArcView, or MapInfo) that converts geo-coded addresses or locations (one set of files) so that maps, tables, and figures can be merged with them and maps created. These maps can display an array of signs (tables, graphs, or other figures) on maps of a city or political area, combined with pictures, sound, drawings, and diagrams.

There was a hope that spatial analyses and problem solving would result not only in focused management that would produce crime reduction using official police-generated figures but also in a lean and “smart” police management style. It has been claimed to be the fundamental cause of a crime drop in New York City (Maple 1998; Bratton 1998; Kelling and Coles 1996; Manning 2001a). , in two publications (2003, 2004). By the turn of the century it had become a major police fad and was diffused widely (Weisburd, et al.

A core of police values is composed of medieval ideas of duty, honor, personal loyalty to superiors, and obedience that are partially revealed in practices. This core radiates a kind of sacredness that extends throughout the organization in spite of the overlay of command and control that is an inheritance from the military origins of policing. This “overlay” includes the elevation of the chief as an honorable position, hyperelevation of rank and deference to command (the zone of indifference vanishes, to be replaced with compliance), and strict rules and regulations capriciously enforced.

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